19 February, 2018

February 19 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1874 Sir Redmond Barry visited the Dunolly and District Hospital and the Dunolly Public Library, making a handsome donation to the hospital and promising the loan of 400 volumes to the library.

 1875 A Frenchman, Francis Decanclos, was charged with keeping a house frequented by thieves and prostitutes, sentenced to 3 months gaol., and a woman named Margaret Morris a prostitute and a frequenter of Decanclos' house was ordered to be imprisoned for one month for having no lawful visible means of support.
{This was The Carriers Arms hotel, situated next to current day Footers Mansion}

 1895 Members of the Royal Commission on Water Supply arrived by rail in Dunolly to look into a claim by the Bet Bet Shire Council about the reservoir at Goldsborough.

 1896 Middle Bridge Cricket team drove to Kingower to play a match, et well at Halbert’s hotel, then set off home at 8.30pm. Kingower won the cricket.

 1915 Hayes store on Broadway, one of the oldest grocery/ironmongery/timber establishment was destroyed by fire; an explosion during the fire smashed the windows on the other side of the street. The State Savings Bank was considerably damaged by fire and water.

 1920 Two strange pets are owned by Mr. George Clifford, a miner, of Dunolly, These are a pair of ducks which come into the man's hut, eat from his hands and perform tricks. They always accompany Clifford on his fossicking trips, and the sight of the digger trudging along with his ducks is a quaint and humorous one. The trio are inseparable. If Clifford goes into the town for provisions he is forced to lock his ducks up, otherwise they would follow him.

 1939 Hospital Sunday was held in Dunolly with distinguished guests including Mr Dunstan (Premier), Brigadier Rankin MHR, Sir H Currie MLC, Mr Frost and Mrs Weber, both MLAs, who announced that the Govt would shortly introduce new means of financing hospitals and charities.

18 February, 2018

February 18 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1862 The Council of The Acclimatisation Society received from Mr R Phelps, Dunolly, 2 kangaroos and 1 emu.

 1895 A SUDDEN DEATH. DUNOLLY, SUNDAY. Andrew Haberle, engine driver at the Burnt Creek Company’s mine, took charge last night at 11 o'clock, apparently in good health. When William Drummond went to relieve him this morning he found Haberle lying dead on the boiler in the engine house the deceased had apparently filled the boilers with water and, after turning it off, dropped dead He was a very old resident of the district A magisterial inquiry was held this afternoon before Mr R Ritchie, J P, when Dr Cookson stated that death had been caused by fatty degeneration of the heart. The deceased leaves a widow and family.

 1901 Shortly after the train passed the station last evening a fire started In the grass near the line outside the fence, and a quantity of grass and fencing was destroyed before the flames were extinguished. The damage is estimated at £10.

1902 A tablet erected in the council chambers to the memory, of Private John Costelloe was unveiled by the mayor (Or. J. Desmond) yesterday in the presence of a large attendance, Private Costelloe was a member of the Fifth Victorian Contingent, and was killed on 5th July last. Deceased was a native of Dunolly.

1910 John Sheehan, an old age pensioner, lost his tent and all the contents in a fire when a whirlwind blew the ashes and embers out of the chimney and all around the tent.

 1939 The Queen Carnival raised 950 pounds for the Dunolly District Hospital with Miss M Taig the winning queen of the charity made into a Life Governor.

17 February, 2018

February 17 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1857 William Twigham, a co-hort of bushranger Gypsy Smith who was facing the death penalty for murder, tried to escape Castlemaine Gaol.

 1866 A new reef has been discovered at the back of the Presbyterian Church. Two tons of surface stone yielded two ounces of gold. The crashing from Patterson's Reef, old lead, yielded 42 oz. The United Pointer Pound rush obtained 32 oz.

 1873 A severe thunderstorm dropped such heavy rain on Dunolly as to turn Broadway into a river-way, completely flooding the west side of Broadway from Bull St up to Mr Bell’s house.

 1883 A serious accident occurred at the Queen's Birthday mine last night. Several men were engaged in timbering the level. when a piece of timber slipped from their grasp and knocked down another piece already in position, which in its fall struck two men, one the captain of the shift, named Penglase, who, had the small bone of his leg broken, the other miner named Martin, injuring his head and fracturing his ribs, causing them to penetrate his lungs. Dr. Sutherland was immediately sent for, but before he arrived Martin had expired. No. blame is attached to the company, as no foresight could have prevented the accident.

 1909 Household Hints in The Argus "Graf ' (Dunolly) describes what seems to be a very simple process of jam making:
 I never make much trouble of jam making I stone the fruit, allow it to stand overnight with hall its weight of sugar (brewers costal«) added When ready, to put it on the stove, I butter the bottom of the preserving pan, place in it several cleaned half crowns and pour in the fruit and sugar. I heat the remaining half of the sugar and add it when the jam is about half cooked. I never stir the jam the coins do the work much better than any stirring would do it. The fruit remains whole and the appearance of the jam is much improved. In adding the hot sugar I gently move it with a wooden spoon to mix it and prevent it settling in one spot, but I do not put the spoon deep down into the jam. I place an asbestos mat under the preserving pan and regulate the heat in this way jam making interferes very little with the ordinary day's work

 1914 DUNOLLY. HEAD-TEACHER TRANSFERRED Mr F. Rae, head-teacher of the Dunolly State School for the past six years, has received notice of his promotion to the Maldon School. As a townsman Mr Rae has identified himself with all movements for the welfare and advancement of the place.

1914 SHORTAGE OF WATER. The water at the reservoir is almost exhausted and water is being conveyed from the old Lead reservoir by drain and pipes.

1914 HEAT AFFECTS FRUIT. Owing to the continued dry weather the fruit trees are very dry and the fruit is beginning to shrivel up.

 1932 Messers J Downs and D Rae were appointed as trustees of the Dunolly racecourse.

 1953 Certificates of Merit were presented to Arthur William Watts, 52, and Charles Henry Watts, 65, both of South Dunolly, for a creek rescue.


16 February, 2018

February 16 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1857 We regret to state that crime of every description is fearfully on the increase. Scarcely a night passes over without some outrage being perpetrated; while brothels and gambling-houses, with their adjuncts of drunkenness and debauchery, meet us at every turn. For some weeks past some of the principal houses have been converted into regular gambling saloons, where the unwary digger is fleeced unmercifully. Even our Chinese neighbours seem to have lost their habitual reserve, and are to be found mixing with their white brethren around the tables of these " little hells," The rooms are conducted on the Californian principle, and the evil which the system has produced there, appears to have had no effect in deterring the population of this place from joining in the unholy pastime. Not content with spending six days in their unlawful pursuits, the proprietors of these places infringe upon the Sabbath, and that day, which the most hardened may have been taught to regard with some degree of veneration, is by thorn devoted to purposes which the right thinking portion of the community can only view with horror and detestation. Robberies are of almost nightly occurrence; but up to the present no clue has been discovered to lead to the detection of the perpetrators. This state of things may chiefly be ascribed to the total removal of the detective police from amongst us. We do not mean to say that the police force here neglect their duty; on the contrary, we do not believe that on any gold field in the colony a more efficient or better conducted body of men could be found and the exertions of Lieutenant Palmer, the officer in charge, to preserve order and put down crime, are most praiseworthy. But we do assert that they are unable to grapple with the evil; they have not the same facilities for discovering offenders, nor can they keep that strict surveillance over the infernal arrangements of our public places of amusement, which late events have proved to be absolutely necessary. To the detectives, and the detectives alone, belongs that power and on no place that we know of is presence of some of the members of that force more requisite than on Dunolly.

 1876 Dunolly, Feb. 16. Painful rumours have prevailed to-day in the borough respecting the Secretary of the Oddfellows, Mr Richard Clay, whose accounts are alleged to be deficient. His resignation as Secretary was accepted at the ordinary meeting of the Lodge last night. The amount of the alleged deficiency has not yet been stated. Mr Clay was only recently- appointed by the Government an officer of the County Court.

 1887 A letter to the Argus alleged from A.E Gladstone alleged a case of typhoid fever at Rheola.

 1900 Rabbit trappers from Bealiba came to ask that the laying of poisoned bait for rabbits be ceased while trapping is carried out but as the Minister for Agriculture did not arrive as expected they were unable to present the petition.

 1904 Two cyclists collided on their way to work, one at the Burnt Creek Company William Game, the other at the New Birthday Company, William Nankervis. Their cycles were smashed and Game needed 8 stitches in a gash above his eye.

 1914 CHAMPIONSHIP GOES TO DUNOLLY. The sports meeting held under the auspices of the State schools of the Maryborough district in December last were a big success, but a slight hitch occurred in connection with the championship. The Teachers' Association discussed the matter in all its phases, and decided that the best thing to do would be to have another series of contests between the three claimants to the honour-K. Smith (Dunolly), A. Foster (Maryborough West), and A. Bucknall (Cotswold). Accordingly the three boys met in Prince's Park on Saturday in seven events. All were keenly contested, and ultimately Smith won, with Foster second, and Bucknall third. There was an interested attendance of spectators, including school teachers from all parts of the district. The results were as follow :

100 yds.-Smith, 1 ; Foster, 2; Bucknall, 3. Won by 1z yds., in 12 3-5th sec. 50 yds.-Smith, 1 ; Foster, 2 Bucknall, 3. Won by one yard in 7 1-5th sec. 150 yds.--Smith, 1; Foster, 2 Bucknall, 3. Won by three yards in 19 sec. Hurdle Race, 75 yds. six flights. Foster, 1; Smith, 2; 3ucknall, 3. Won by 14 yards in 12 3-5th sec. Broad Jump.--Bucknall, 15ft. 9in., 1; Smith, 15ft. 4 in., 2; Foster, 15ft. 34in., 8. High Jump.-Bucknall, 4ft. Sin., 1 ; Foster, 4ft. 2in., 2 ; Smith, 4ft., 3. Putting 71b. Weight.-Foster, 81ft. 9 in., 1; Smith, 3Oft. 5 in., 2 Bucknall, 2Sft. 3. The points allotted were five for a first, three for a second, and two for a third, and they worked out thus: Smith, 26 points. 1 Foster, 24 points 2 Bucknall, 20 points. 3 The President of the Teachers' Association (Mr H. H. Twist), in a few appropriate remarks commended the boys for their good performances, and presented Smith with a gold medal (gift of Mr J. C. Lowry, 3.A., inspector of State schools); Foster with a watch and Bucknall with a fountain pen.

15 February, 2018

February 15 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1885 Rifle match between Dunolly and Inglewood clubs, at Dunolly, was a close match but Inglewood proved to be too good.

 1899 Chief Officer T.S. Marshall paid a visit of inspection to Dunolly today and inspected the apparatus and appliances of the local fire brigade, commenting most favourably on the good order and cleanliness in every department. The men were afterward put through a course of drill, and showed great aptitude in the various exercises. In the one man engine practice Lieutenant Kashow surprised the Chief Officer by going through this new item in the wonderfully quick time of 1 min. 8 sec., whilst the best English time Is I min. 19 sec. The work was gone through very smartly, and was highly spoken of by Mr Marshall, who stated that at the next demonstration the one man engine practice would be included in the programme, the prize for which would be given by himself. 

Weather still continues very oppressive. Thermometer registered 104 in the shade to-day.

 1931 Hospital Sunday was held in favourable weather conditions at Dunolly, Mr Dunstan MLA and Mr Laidlaw of Maryborough gave addresses while the Maryborough citizens band entertained with musical selections, 31 pound, 5/ was raised.

 1936 700 school children from Dunolly and district travelled to Williamstown for a picnic, along with children from Bet Bet, Betley, Bromley, Eddington, Goldsborough, Bealiba, Moliagul, etc.

14 February, 2018

February 14 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1861 Three men were charged with robbery under arms at the store of Mr Wareham in Dunolly from  Sept 1857.

 1870 Dear Sir,-Yours of the 10th instant is to hand this morning. In reply, I may mention that I have never had anything to do with the management of our public library. I have, however, made enquiries since I received your letter, and am able to send you the following information: 1. The amount raised locally in 1869 was £25 12s 6d.
2. The only assistance received from local public bodies is an annual donation of £5, from the Dunolly Borough Council.
3. The grant in aid for 1868 was £7 12e 10d. The grant in aid for 1869 was £11 12s 7d.
4. The number of visitors annually is about 2,500.
5. The expenses of management are, librarian £10, light and fuel, say £3 £19.
6. There has been no attempt to add a museum to the library.
The above are replies to the queries you put at the end of your letter. I may add that the library is only open of an evening from 7 to 10 o'clock-the librarian being in attendance the whole of the time. Subscribers of 10s have the privilege of taking books out. It is the opinion of those I have spoken to, and my own also, that the Government, in distributing the vote, makes no distinction between public libraries and mechanics' institutes. Any further information you may require I will endeavour to obtain for you, if you will drop me a line. Yours truly, Chas. DICKER.

The Assize Court was opened at Maryborough Saturday before His Honour Mr Justice Higinbotham when James M'Kenna was charged with the murder of Margaret Suilivan, alias M'Kenna, alias,Walsh, at Janevale, near Tarnagulla. Mr. Horan appeared for the prisoner, and Mr Smyth prosecuted for the Crown.- The murdered person was described variously by the prisoner prior to-her death as his wife Margaret M'Kenna, and also as Margaret Sullivan and Margaret Walsh. He was generally in her company for some weeks before. the finding of her dead body, and the two were apparently tramping about the country. On Thursday, 'the 20th November, prisoner and his alleged victim were seen. several times lying together- in a drunken condition on the road about 280 yards from the Janevale Hotel. They were last seen in this state towards midnight by some miners going to- work, and these latter heard a scream proceeding from :the locality after they had passed by. The next day the woman was found dead, with her head battered in, in an adjoining paddock, and prisoner, who had blood on his clothes, gave information that he found her dead, and had carried her there off the road. He was arrested for the murder. He averred that during a short absence in the township of Laanecoorie, during the; early part of the evening, the woman was assaulted  by someone,  and so seriously injured that when he found her she was dying, and that she died during the night; The evidence given by numerous' witnesses; which was not concluded until half-past 8 in the evening, did not disprove this; but a colourable doubt was raised as to  the prisoner being the murderer through the sudden disappearance of a young man named Frank Edwards, who had admitted to several people that he had passed along the road where the murder was committed at an early hour of the evening, and had been chased by two men who had afterwards returned to where the woman  was lying. There was no actual testimony showing that prisoner and the deceased had even quarreled, and the witnesses who had heard her scream after they had passed by the couple at night, stated that they heard no struggle at the time, but if there hail been a struggle they could have heard it. They 'merely supposed the scream to be a drunken freak.
By the time counsels, addresses were concluded, and the judge had summed up and the jury retired, it was half-past 11 pm. At midnight, the verdict returned was one of manslaughter, and the prisoner was remanded for sentence.
On Monday M'Keuna was sentenced to three years imprisonment in the Maryborough Gaol, with hard labour, the first fortnights of the 6th; 12th, 18th, 24th and 30th months to be spent in solitary confinement

 1908 Tarnagulla bicycle road race held, from Tarnagulla to Arnolds-bridge and back, 12 starters with 12 miles in total, results – 1. J.Loas 7.5mins, 2. W.Hughes 3.5mins, 3. R.Onsley 5mins.

13 February, 2018

February 13 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1883 The Enterprise Flour Mill was burnt; all the floors of the mill were damaged at one end, the fire brigade managed to prevent the fire spreading, the source of which was undetermined.

 1910 Rev and Mrs Leggatt were entertained at a farewell social at the Dunolly Presbyterian church , present were councillors, citizens and ministers from other churches in both Dunolly and the district. Rev Leggatt was moving to Sunbury, was presented with a purse of sovereigns, music was played and a supper was enjoyed afterwards.

 1937 Large number of visitors to Melbourne from Dunolly and district arrived by train, visited the zoo, then Mordialloc beach for the Mordialloc carnival, some of them seeing the sea for the first time, with the Wedderburn contingent picnicking at St Kilda beach then visiting Luna Park.

 1938 A whirlwind unroofed the outbuildings of the Royal Hotel throwing them 50ft into the air, an electrical engineer had a narrow escape when 10 ton of roofing iron crashed within 2 yards of him.

12 February, 2018

February 12 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1857 Elections were held for members of the Dunolly District Court

 1859 Excitement most extreme when the Dunolly gaol deputation rocked up in Carisbrook in a carriage and 4 with the celebs of Dunolly inside, strung with bunting and flags and surrounded by bodyguards on horseback, the reception taking place at the Tallaroop hotel.
After partaking of an extensive spread the whole cortege headed homewards and were received at the Bet Bet Hotel after being met by numerous Dunollites on horseback.

 1866 Site for a common school was reserved at Burnt Creek (Dunolly).

 1867 The last gold escort from Dunolly to Melbourne with 871ozs.

 1895 Mr Tavener Victorian Minister For Public Works and Agriculture, said he believes the 25,000 cuttings of white mulberry trees he plans to plant at Dunolly will prove valuable as a means to possible silk export market.

 1897 Dunolly A.N.A branch held a meeting to present Federation to the electors and to garner support for it.

1901 Louisa Wills of Richard III hotel in Dunolly was fined 10 shillings and ordered to pay costs of 4 pounds when found to have whisky below the proper strength for sale.

 1905 A young man named Treble was riding to work when his bicycle broke, throwing him to the ground, breaking his nose and lacerating his face.

11 February, 2018

February 11 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1858 DUNOLLY COURT HOUSE.-The calico building that has been hitherto used for a Court- house, has become so dilapidated, that Mr. Fenwick has been obliged to move the Police Court sittings to the Local Court House, at the Camp.

 1908 Phylloxera was found, by an inspector, in the vineyard of Mr Elliot at Middlebridge; only a few vines are effected and it is not adjoining any other vineyard so contamination is unlikely. Thought to be brought into the area by contaminated cases as no other outbreak detected.

 1915 The town water supply at the reservoir gave out, council decided at meeting to put a pump on the dredge site where there is a good supply.

The Dunolly borough council supports the protest of the Bendigo Chamber of Commerce against the wilful waste of public moneys by the State Government in organising Parliamentary Picnics in connection with the opening of the Orbost railway at a time when, from every corner of the Empire, the strictest economy is urgently advised, even by those who participated in the recent Government frivolity.

 1956 Two sisters, aged 7 and 3 1/2, drowned in the Avoca River near Bealiba, The grief-stricken father found the elder sister floating dead in the river after his return from rushing the body of the younger girl to hospital.

10 February, 2018

February 10 #OnThisDay (Nganko Nyawiyu) in #Dunolly (Lea Kurribur) & District #History

1862 During the previous night a chap named Davenport fell down a 30 feet deep hole, while intoxicated, on the Old Lead behind the Carriers Arms Hotel Broadway in Dunolly. He was stuck there all night and his cries were heard the following morning and he was taken to the Dunolly hospital where he was found to be only shaken.

 1869 An unwell 22 yr. old woman was arrested en route to Talbot for stealing a 3 yr. old child from Burnt Creek and obtaining, by fraud, material and goods from Carisbrook store, feigning a fit she was remanded to Maryborough.

 1884 Desmond’s hairdresser’s shop was gutted by fire, Fowler’s saddlery next door and Webb’s shoe store were destroyed, Fowler having lost everything while Webb was able to save some furniture. Tatchell’s Bendigo Hotel was slightly damaged.

 1884 The weather, which has been very hot, has now changed, and a southerly breeze is springing up.

 1907 Dunolly.-At the Hospital Sunday gathering at Natte Yallock East there was a fair attendance. Councillor Bennett presided, and the Dunolly band played selections. The collection amounted to slightly over £7.

 1915 Regulations from the state executive council now permit hairdressers to stay open until 8pm on Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays, in several areas including the Dunolly district.

 1916 Recruiting Meeting at Dunolly.
Last night, in the Dunolly Town Hall, the Mayor, Mr Parker, took the chair at a recruiting meeting.
On the platform were the Rev. J. Field, the Hon. J. D. Brown, M.L.C., Mr J. W. Pennington, M.L.A., and recruiting sergeant Mitchell. The audience was by no means so large as the importance of the occasion demanded, and many young men who should have attended were absent. Miss Lyndon presided at the piano and Mr Jacobs sang 'Soldiers of the Queen.'
The Mayor briefly stated the object of the meeting, and made reference to the great' need for help at the front, after which he called upon Mr Brown, who delivered a speech abounding in weighty matter concerning the present position.
He sketched the plan of the Germans, contending that they had started with their full strength, in the hope that by a sudden rush they could seize Paris, Calais and Antwerp, from which positions they could dominate the narrow seas and have England, and consequently the British Empire, at their mercy.
But England could not permit that now, any more than in the days when she had fought the power of Spain and of France. She had conquered on those two occasions, and she would conquer now, but it would require a united effort. The navy had been the salvation of Australia and New Zealand, for if the German war ships had been able to get into our waters, they could be 18 miles off and batter many of our towns, notably Sydney, to fragments. The psychological moment had arrived when every man physically fit should take his place in the firing line.
Mr J. W. Pennington, M.L.A., said that when he stood on that platform 12 months ago, he little thought that he should have had to come there that night to make another appeal to their young men. It seemed to him, however, that most of the eligible men in Dunolly had enlisted, since there were so few in the audience. (Laughter.) The situation was most serious, as was fully proved by the fact that in spite of the great success that had attended Lord Derby’s recruiting scheme, the Imperial Parliament was not satisfied and had passed the compulsion measure. He hoped this would not be needed in Australia. But if it had to come he did not think it would be fair that those who went under compulsion should get the same pay as those who had volunteered. The Australian soldier got. 6s, and the British soldier is 2d per day for doing the same duty, and so they could think for themselves which were the better terms. Their women were doing noble work in Red Cross and other efforts. He had heard of one woman who turned out 100 shirts for soidiers, and, no doubt, there were more of whom a similar tale could be told. But they had to ask the women to do the hardest task of all in giving up their sons, their husbands, their brothers, and their sweethearts to this great cause.
Some women were not willing to do this, but no real man would stay at home and allow the son of another mother to fight for him. And it he were a girl, he should certainly say to his sweetheart that, if he would not fight, the engagement was off.
He appealed to them in the name of the freedom, the political rights, and the very civilization which they enjoyed, to come forward and aid their land in this hour of her deadly peril. (Applause)
The speech of the evening was made by the Rev: J. Field and we regret that we have space for only a bare outlining of his address. 
Mr Field possesses all the gifts of an accomplished orator, in language, personality, and that faculty of obsession by his subject which carries conviction straight. to the heart of the listener. In burning words he depicted German duplicity, intrigue and brutality and outlined the great success which her utter ruthlessness had enabled her to achieve.
Yet he declared himself confident that Germany had reached the acme of her strength and from this time forward must decline, if only adequate means were used. The Central Powers had certainly a great advantage in their situation, which enabled them to mass their forces, at a moment's notice, wherever they were most needed. But the Allies had 20,000,000 men now in arms, and by God's help we would, in the end, sweep the blight of German militarism forever from the earth. As in a vision he beheld, that forward movement for which they were all longing, when, from every land she bad desecrated, the Allies would pour in their forces upon an exhausted Germany. He believed that the Australians would bear a full share in that final effort, and he appealed to every eligible man, by the justice and holiness ,of their cause, to come and do his share for the freedom of Australia, (Applause.) ,
The recruiting sergeant also spoke.
We regret to say that to all this eloquence not one man responded .

 1917 This evening members of the local Recruiting Committee were at the railway station to meet Mr D Mackinnon on his way to Mildura but he did not make an appearance at the station, although it was stated he was on the train. The committee consider they were slighted.

 1940 A special train from Dunolly ran to the Melbourne Zoological Gardens with a reunion of former Dunolly residents meeting there. The Yarraville Mouth Organ Band entertained them all with a recital.